Gender based violence is caused by stereotypes about sexuality, gender roles and gender expressions. These stereotypes promote gender inequality because they include rigid expectations about:
- What it means to be a man or a woman
- Gender roles in society for men and women
- What constitutes ‘normal’ romantic and sexual relationships
- Which gender claims are valid, limiting these to only two: men and women
These attitudes send messages that men are more important than women and gender minorities. Stereotypes like these can limit some expressions of gender and create risks for some populations to experience humiliation, intimidation and control or physical, verbal, psychological, emotional and financial abuse.